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In particular, Israel received almost unlimited access to intelligence from the KH Kennan military satellite, though Israeli access was more restricted following Operation Opera. Despite intense intelligence cooperation, both countries have been heavily engaged in espionage operations against one another. The United States has mainly tried to penetrate Israel's political, military and intelligence circles and gather information on Israel's alleged nuclear and non-conventional capabilities, while Israel has also penetrated the US government, and has engaged in industrial espionage in the United States in an attempt to boost its military and alleged nuclear capabilities.

He pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to deliver national defense information to a foreign government, and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Israel later granted him citizenship, and has periodically requested his release. In , two espionage scandals broke. It was revealed that the National Security Agency wiretapped the phone lines to Israel's embassy in Washington and broke the Israeli security code, exposing Israel's deepest policy secrets to the United States. The wiretapping was discovered following the widely publicized "Mega Scandal", when a phone call intercepted by the NSA became public.

Due to Israel's expertise in computers and electronics and the sophistication of its electronic code system, it was widely believed that the NSA used an Israeli mole to obtain the security code. The resulting "Mega Scandal" was the allegation that Israeli intelligence had a highly placed mole within the US government. On 10 November , a US submarine entered Israeli territorial waters eighteen kilometers off the coast of Haifa. The submarine's mission was never revealed.

It was thought to have been trying to gather intelligence on the city's naval base and headquarters and other vital infrastructure, and was also suspected of intending to intercept Israeli naval electronic signals and test Israel's response to an intrusion. It also may have been trying to install sensors near Israeli naval headquarters and other vital installations. Minutes after it entered Israeli waters, the submarine was detected and tracked by the Israeli Navy.

The submarine was initially identified as belonging to a NATO power, and later confirmed to be American. The Israeli General Staff refrained from ordering an attack on what was considered the asset of a friendly nation.

Israel–United States relations

After several hours, the submarine submerged and fled, presumably determining that it was under surveillance. The Israeli Navy then sent fast patrol craft, missile boats, and helicopters in pursuit. The submarine was not found, but military sources maintained that the submarine had failed to complete its mission.

The National Security Agency has confirmed that it provides to Israel raw unfiltered information intercepts that include private details and messages of American citizens.


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Defense secretaries from both countries denied the claim with Chuck Hagel saying he had no facts to substantiate the report, while Moshe Ya'alon said he was never allowed to spy on the United States while he was head of the Israeli intelligence services, "and as defense minister I don't allow spying on the United States whatsoever. Under this program, citizens of selected countries can enter the United States for up to 90 days for tourism and business purposes without having to apply for an entry visa.

The House of Representatives approved the bid, but the Senate rejected it. In addition, the United States insisted that Palestinian Americans entering Israel not be subjected to any more security checks than other US citizens. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Presidency of John F. See also: Israel—United States military relations. See also: Positions on Jerusalem. See also: Public diplomacy Israel.

Views on Israel in the United States []. Views on the United States in Israel []. Further information: Israel—United States military relations. Israel portal United States portal International relations portal. Mark, Congressional Research Service. Sharp, specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs.

Israel Palestine Conflict क्या है ?- पूरा इतिहास जानिये -UPSC/IAS/PSC

The Jerusalem Post - JPost. Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 8 November Retrieved 17 September Middle East Quarterly Interview. Interviewed by Daniel Pipes; Patrick Clawson. Middle East Forum. Retrieved Gurock, American Zionism: mission and politics , p. Urofsky, American Zionism from Herzl to the Holocaust , ch. University of Illinois Press. Gone were the proposals for an amorphous Jewish national home in Palestine, for carving out Jewish cantons and delineating autonomous regions with an overarching Arab state.

Similarly, effaced was the long-standing Zionist assumption that Palestine's fate would be decided in London. Instead, the delegates agreed that the United States constituted the new Zionist "battleground" and that Washington would have the paramount say in the struggle for Jewish sovereignty.

Henceforth the Zionist movement would strive for unqualified Jewish independence in Palestine, for a state with recognized borders, republican institutions, and a sovereign Army, to be attained in cooperation with America.


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American Presidents and the Middle East. Duke University Press. Truman Library. Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 11 January Truman, Memoirs 2 , p. The facts were that not only were there pressure movements around the United Nations unlike anything that had been seen there before, but that the White House, too, was subjected to a constant barrage. I do not think I ever had as much pressure and propaganda aimed at the White House as I had in this instance.

The persistence of a few of the extreme Zionist leaders—actuated by a political motive and engaging in political threats—disturbed and annoyed me. Truman with attatchments re: recognition of Israel".

The Imponderables of Middle Eastern Diplomacy

Kennedy pp Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. Goldman, "Ties that bind: John F. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 1 September Begin himself explained Gahal's resignation from the government, saying "As far as we are concerned, what do the words 'withdrawal from territories administered since by Israel' mean other than Judea and Samaria.

Not all the territories; but by all opinion, most of them.

ipdwew0030atl2.public.registeredsite.com/243327-top-mobile.php Log-in required. The Rabin Memoirs. University of California Press. Israel would have to accept Egyptian sovereignty over all the Sinai, while Egypt, in turn, would have to accept Israeli military presence in certain [Sinai] strategic positions. Years of Upheaval. Simon and Schuster. Kumaraswamy 11 January Revisiting the Yom Kippur War.

Rabin consulted with Prime Minister Golda Meir and told Kissinger that Israel authorized him to explore this approach. The October War: A Retrospective. University Press of Florida.

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Spiegel 15 October University of Chicago Press. Counterproliferation Paper No. Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 27 May Archived from the original PDF on 27 March Transmittal No. Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 29 August Democracy Now!.